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LEARN ALL ABOUT DIAMONDS 

 

What are diamonds? 

Our breath-taking diamonds have been in our existence more then 3 billion years ago,which formed deep within the Earth’s crust due to intense heat and pressure mechanisms resulting in carbon atoms solidifying and crystalizing creating precious diamonds we adore and value today. 

Diamonds are mined and extracted from igneous intrusions resulting from volcanic eruptions. 

 

Colour diamonds  

Diamonds are produced in a variety of colours ranging from red, blue, green, pink, yellow, black and the list continues. These coloured diamonds retain structural or interstitial impurities which lead to the variation in pigmentation. The rarest diamonds in the world are red diamonds taking first place, blue diamonds in second place and pink diamonds in third place. 

 

Best colour diamonds

Diamonds of the highest purity and quality are colourless, therefore the quality of the diamonds decrease once colour is visible which manifests as a pale yellow.

 

The 4Cs of diamond quality 

Colour -  A structurally perfect diamond has no colour or is colourless  hence higher the value. The more colour(pale yellow) visible the lower the value. Colour is graded from D-Z, D being nearly colourless and Z being noticeable to colour.

Clarity - Clarity evaluates how clean a diamond is from inclusions( internal) and blemishes( external), these inclusions and blemishes cause imperfections and disrupts light passing through the diamonds thus resulting in dullness and decreasing the high quality cut. 

Cut - Diamond cut highlights the angel’s, proportions, symmetrical facets, brilliance, fire, scintillations and finishing details which affect a diamond’s ability to sparkle. The diamond cut is graded on a scale of ideal and excellence which allows for the maximum brilliance and fire. 

Carat weight - Implies the weight of the diamond rather than the size of the diamond.

Credit: GIA

 

What is cubic zirconia’s or "American diamonds"? 

Cubic zirconia (CZ) is the cubic crystalline form of zirconium dioxide, it is a man-made stone designed and created in a laboratory in order to replicate pure and natural diamonds. The invention of zirconia was to craft beautiful  jewellery with the intention of appearing as high value diamond jewellery but simultaneously incredibly affordable.