What is gold? 

Gold (AU) is a natural occurring element abundantly found in our universe which has invaded Earth approximately 200 million years ago after its development by meteriots, due to the Earth being molten during the early stages of formation most of the gold deposits sunk to the molten core. Gold is typically found in sedimentary rocks such as quartz, alluvium, granite and volcanic rocks although there are higher levels of deposits located within the ocean which are not feasible to extract. This precious metal may be characterized by its yellow and shiny appearance which is found across the globe in extraordinary places such as Canada, Peru, Indonesia and Japan but the Witwatersrand basin in South Africa ranks the richest gold field discovered to date. 


When gold is in its purest form, it is a capturing bright reddish yellow metal  which is extremely ductile, malleable as well as soft thus other metals are added to increase the resistance of the gold. Once extracted from the Earth it is broken down into a molten state with the use of  intense heat and thereafter moulded and used in a variety of items in the 21st century although dating back decades ago it has mainly been used in the production of coinage as well as jewellery which is still deeply rooted into the modern society. 


What is white gold? 

White gold is the composition of the rare yellow gold in which silver alloys such as nickel, silver, palladium, zinc and manganese has been added resulting in colour change from a golden metal to an off white metal. The off white outcome is then gently coated in one of the world’s most expensive metals scientifically referred to as ‘Rhodium’ thus enhancing the gold and providing an attention grabbing shine. 


What is rose gold? 

Just as white gold is formed so too is rose gold! The luscious rosy complection is crafted by simply adding a touch of copper to the precious golden metal hence the more copper added the redder the gold. 


What does Carat mean? (9ct/ 18ct/22ct)


Carat(ct) or Karat(k) often indicates the purity of the gold, this simply refers to the percentage of yellow gold in comparison to other metals used to craft your elegantly beautiful jewelry.  

9ct gold is composed of 37.5% of pure yellow gold and 62.5% of other metals (usually silver and copper), whereas 18ct gold is composed of 75% pure yellow gold and 25% other metals. With regard to white gold the 25% consists of a mixture of white metals in order to enhance the whiter colour. 22ct gold which is the most valuable comprises of 91.7% of pure gold and 8.30% of other metals.



With regard to durability 9ct gold would be  more resistant (harder) in comparison to 18ct gold as well as 22ct gold, the higher percentage the gold, the softer the product due to the fact of gold being a soft metal. 



Looking at the colour spectrum of 9ct, 18ct and 22ct of gold, 9ct gold having the least percentage of pure gold will be a slightly lighter yellow/golden colour then 18ct gold, whereas 22ct gold being the purest product would represent a brighter yellow colour. 


What is silver? 

Silver is a natural, non-renewable metal located deep below the Earth’s crust, in the mantle where temperatures exceed 200-350 degrees fahrenheit. Silver is a soft, shiny white metal which may be found in igneous or sedimentary rocks and has been used for the production of coins, jewelry and utensils for centuries.  This precious metal is considered to be an alloy as well as a byproduct of gold, zinc, copper and lead in the refining process. 


Rhodium plating 

Rhodium is a rare metal which is part of the platinum family ranging high qualities thus ranking as one of the world’s most expensive metals. During the earlier centuries silver and more commonly white gold jewellery pieces are being coated with the high market value metal, reason being it adds a reflective appearance as well as prevents jewls from tarnishing. 


What is platinum?  

Platinum takes it home by being much more rare than gold and silver hence spiking up costs. It can be located in igneous bodies and is also mined as a byproduct of copper and nickel. This phenomena is due to the fact that platinum is mined much less than gold thus quantities being much less as well as platinum is denser than gold therefore will have a higher weight capacity, precious metals are priced according to weight. 


What is tungsten? 

Tungsten is classified as not being  free element of nature, it occurs with common ores namely scheelite, calcium/iron manganese tungstate as well as wolframite. Tungsten is a mixture of tungsten and carbon resulting in tungsten carbide making it ideal for crafting jewellery. It is an affordable metal which has a natural gray appearance but can also be plated in black, white or gold.